Thursday, May 7, 2015

Shvut DeShvut Bimkom Mitzvah

Shvut DesShvut Bimkom Mitzvah
Day: Thursday
Date: May 7, 2015
Parshat: Emor
Yalkut Yosef: 325

The accepted Halacha is that a "shvut deshvut bimkom mitzvah" is permissible on Shabbat. This means that a Rabbinic prohibition on another Rabbinic prohibition is permissible for the sake of a mitzvah. This is permitted even though the person will benefit from it. For example, playing an instrument on Shabbat is a Rabbinic prohibition as is instructing a non Jew to do a melacha. Therefore for a mitzvah, such as a Sheva Berachot on Shabbat, one may tell a non Jew to play music to enhance the celebration since both prohibitions are Rabbinic.

Another example would be as follows. On Shabbat one may not carry from a private domain to a public domain with no eruv or vice versa. Carrying from one private property to another and passing though a public domain in the process is forbidden Miderabanan. Instructing a non Jew to carry in a place without an Eruv is also forbidden Miderabanan. Telling a goy to carry from one private domain to another through a public domain would involve two Rabinic prohibitions. There if necessary for a mitzvah, for example if he needs the Goy to get food for his Shabbat meal, he may instruct him to do so.

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