Friday, November 13, 2015

Giving Something to Carry to One Who Will Carry With no Eruv Regardless

Giving Something to Carry to One Who Will Carry With no Eruv Regardless
Day: Friday
Date: November 13, 2015
Parshat: Tolidot
Halichot Olam: 4 Pg. 299

In memory of Avraham Asher ben Tzadika

In certain select situations, if a Melacha is being done on Shabbat it is okay to add on to that Melacha since it is being done regardless. For example, if a doctor ordered a dangerously ill patient to eat chicken on Shabbat and a chicken needs to be slaughtered, it is not necessary to find the smallest chicken so as not to have extra. Since either way a chicken will be slaughtered it doesn't matter if it's a small one or a big one that will leave leftovers (Y"Y 328:162). However, the same is not the case with regards to carrying on Shabbat. If a person is carrying a handkerchief or anything else in a place with no eruv it is forbidden to give him something else to carry with the rational that "he is carrying anyways so what's the difference?"

Hacham Ovadia, in Halichot Olam, tells about such a situation that occurred when he was in Egypt. One of the community Rabbis would hand out leaflets with Divrei Torah about the weekly Perasha every Friday night. There was no eruv there and when Hacham Ovadia protested that this will cause the members to carry in Reshut Harabim the Rabbi responded that there is no problem since they carry handkerchiefs anyhow. However as Hacham Ovadia explains this logic is incorrect and results in an issur De'oraita.

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