Sunday, September 21, 2014

Hamelech Hakadosh & Hamelech Hamishpat

Hamelech Hakadosh & Hamelech Hamishpat
Day: Sunday
Date: September 21, 2014
Parshat: Ha'azinu
Yalkut Yosef: 602

When saying the amidot during the Aseret Yemei Teshuva we end off the blessing of Ata Kadosh by saying "hamelech hakadosh" instead of the usual "hakel hakadosh". We also amend the beracha of Hashiva by ending off with the words "hamelech hamishpat" instead of the usual "melech ohev tzedaka umishpat". If one accidentally said hakel hakadosh instead of hamelech hakadosh he must start the amida again. However if he realized his mistake immediately and right away corrected it by saying hamelech hakadosh he does not need to begin again. If he is not sure whether or not he said hamelech hakadosh he must start the amida again since he most probably did not say it.

If one forgot to say hamelech hamishpat at the end of Hashiva, as long as he hasn't finished the amida yet he must go back to the beginning of the beracha of Hashiva. Even if he already bowed for Modim and then he remembered or he was unsure whether or not he said hamelech hamishpat he stops where he is and goes back to Hashiva. If he only remembered after finishing he amida that he didn't say hamelech hamishpat he should say "if I am required to repeat the amida, this will be my repetition. If I am not required, this will be a nedava" and then he should repeat the amida. Outside of Eretz Yisrael the custom of most Ashkenazim is to not go back to Hashiva if they remember during the amida. If they remember afterward they follow the procedure above.

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