Sunday, July 5, 2015

The Fast of the Seventeenth of Tammuz

The Fast of the Seventeenth of Tammuz
Day: Sunday
Date: July 5, 2015
Parshat: Pinhas
Yalkut Yosef: 549

Yesterday was the seventeenth of Tammuz, which marks the beginning of the "three weeks." Since it was Shabbat the fast was pushed off to today instead. The fast commemorates five tragedies that occurred on this day. The five tragedies are:
1. The first Luhot were broken when Moshe Rabenu saw the sin of the golden calf taking place.
2. The Korban Tamid, an offering that was brought twice daily, was discontinued when it became impossible to obtain the animals necessary due to the siege.
3. A siege was set in place around Yerushalayim (during the time period of the second temple) and the walls were breached on this day.
4. A Roman general named Apostomos, may his memory be erased, set a precedent for the rest of history by burning a Sefer Torah.
5. An idol was erected inside of our Holy Temple in direct defiance of all that is precious to us as Jews.
The prophet Zacharia tells us that this day as well as the four other fast days will one day be turned into a day of celebration. May we see that day soon, amen.

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